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What’s the Plural of Fungus?

Both funguses and fungi are accepted plural forms to refer to this wide species and organism.

What’s the plural of “fungus”?

Both funguses and fungi are acceptable plurals to refer to this widespread category species and organism.

"Fungi" plural in sentence examples.

What are fungi/funguses?

Brittanica online defines fungi as:

Any of about 144,000 known species of organisms of the kingdom Fungi, which includes the yeasts, rusts, smuts, mildews, molds, and mushrooms“, (fungus). Many people think of fungus as mushrooms, in conversation and informal speech.

Is fungus/fungi a regular or irregular plural noun?

"Fungus" singular in sentence examples.

The Americanized plural, fungases, is a regular plural noun form since it uses the -es. That said, funguses most likely came to be accepted overtime due to the widespread misuse of the correct and original plural form of fungus, i.e, fungi. While an irregular plural in English,  fungi are not alone: octopus, alumnus, cactus, hippopotamus and the like all share the same (or similar) ending singular and plural forms. See the following chart that illustrates both:

cactuscacti (or cactuses)
octopusoctopi (or octopuses)
radiusradi (or radiuses)
fungusfungi (or funguses)
alumnusalumni (or almunuses)
syllabussyllabi (or syllabuses)
Latin nouns ending in –us/-i. Chart by Grammarflex.

Fungi is the original Latinate plural, and uses one of the distinct Latin suffixes, i.e., -I. Likewise, the fungi‘s companion nouns similarly use their Latin (or near Latin) words/forms in Modern English today. Cactus, octopus, alumnus, syllabus, and so on all use the Latinate -I suffix, and have conserved their form since its inception (or near inception) as a word/noun.

Therefore, fungi, is irregular as a plural noun; likewise, cacti, octopi, alumni, syllabi are all Latinate in plural form as well, and are, to that extent, irregular. They’re also the original, antiquated form of the word, and a reminder that we all know a little bit of Latin!

Examples of fungus in used sentences:

Sentence examples of fungus are borrowed from Brittanica:

1. Ultimately, we are left in the untenable position of admitting that there is no definition in general use for the word “fungus.”

2. Grapes attacked by the fungus; the fruit becomes black, hard and shrivelled.

3. The Latin word for mushroom, fungus (plural fungi), has come to stand for the whole group.

4. The mushroom is just the part of the fungus we see above ground which is also known as the fruiting body.

5. Many of these fungus-like organisms are included in the kingdom Chromista.

Examples of fungi in used sentences:

Sentence examples of fungi are borrowed from Brittanica.

1. The Fungi are the great saprophytes, the master recyclers.

2. The rich colour of the grass is due to the fertilizing quality of the decaying fungi, which are peculiarly rich in nitrogenous substances.

3. Fungi draw their nutrition from decaying organic matter, living plants and even animals.

4. Fungi reproduce through spores, which are like asexual plant seeds.

5. Examples of fungi are yeasts, rusts, stinkhorns, puffballs, truffles, molds, mildews and mushrooms.

6. The study of fungi is known as mycology—a broad application of the Greek word for mushroom, mykēs.

Origin of the word fungus

The word fungus/fungi derives from the exact same word in Latin: fungus. Fungus is believed to have been connected to, or brought down from the Ancient Greek sphongos.


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  1. Brittanica, fungus.
  2. Fungi
  3. Fungus etymonline
  4. Fungi microbiology society

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