Skip to content

Grammarflex

Grammarflex logo

Irregular Verbs List

Regular verbs end in -ed in their past tense and past participle forms. Irregular verbs end in something other than -ed to show past tenses.

Last updated on February 2nd, 2024 at 03:16 pm

When it comes to learning the English language, remembering all of English’s irregular verb patterns is no small feat. As you’ll see from the list below, English has a ton of irregular verbs, and they trip up even the best of us.

They key to mastering irregular verbs in English is in recognizing the irregular verb patterns that they follow. For your convenience and ease of perusal, find a list of all the irregular verbs in English in the chart below.



What are regular vs. irregular verbs?

What’s the difference between regular and irregular verbs in English?

  • Regular verbs end in –ed in their past tense and past participle verb forms. E.g., walk/walked, talk/talked and laugh/laughed.

  • Irregular verbs end in something other than –ed in their past verb forms. E.g., write/wrote/written.

Types of irregular verbs

Irregular verbs come in three main types:

  • Irregular verbs with one form in the present, past and past participle. E.g., bet, cut, shut, spread.
  • Irregular verbs with two forms for the present and past tense/past participle forms. E.g., built, bought, caught, sought.
  • Irregular verbs with three forms in the present, past tense and past participle conjugations. E.g., draw, drink, bite and hide.

 

A list of all the irregular verbs in English

Base VerbSimple PastPast Participle
arisearosearisen
awakeawokeawoken
bewas/werebeen
bearboreborne
beatbeatbeaten
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
bendbentbent
betbetbet
bindboundbound
bidbidbid
bitebitbitten
bleedbledbled
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred
bringbroughtbrought
broadcastbroadcastbroadcast
buildbuiltbuilt
burstburstburst
buyboughtbought
castcastcast
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
clingclungclung
comecamecome
costcostcost
creepcreptcrept
cutcutcut
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
divedove/diveddived
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamed/dreamtdreamed/dreamt
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
fleefledfled
flingflungflung
flyflewflown
forbidforbadeforbidden
forgiveforgaveforgiven
freezefrozefrozen
getgotgot
givegavegiven
gowentgone
grindgroundground
growgrewgrown
hanghung/hangedhung/hanged
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hidehidhid
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
kneelkneltknelt
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lie (“lie down”)laylain
lightlit/lightedlit/lighted
loselostlost
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
mistakemistookmistaken
mowmowedmown/mowed
overtakeovertookovertaken
paypaidpaid
proofreadproofreadproofread
putputput
quitquitquit
readreadread
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
seeksoughtsought
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
sewsewedsewed/sewn
shakeshookshaken
shaveshavedshaven
shedshedshed
shineshoneshone
shootshotshot
showshowedshown
shrinkshrankshrunk
shutshutshut
singsangsung
sinksanksunk
sitsatsat
slayslewslain
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
slingslungslung
sneaksnuck/sneakedsnuck/sneaked
sowsowedsown/sowed
speakspokespoken
speedspedsped
spendspentspent
spillspilt/spilledspilt/spilled
spinspunspun
spitspatspat
splitsplitsplit
spreadspreadspread
springsprangsprung
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
stickstuckstuck
stinkstankstunk
strikestruckstruck
stringstrungstrung
strivestrovestriven
swearsworesworn
sweepsweptswept
swellswelledswollen/swelled
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
thrustthrustthrust
treadtrodtrodden
understandunderstoodunderstood
upsetupsetupset
wakewokewoken
wearworeworn
weavewoveworn
weepweptwept
wetwet/wettedwet/wetted
winwonwon
windwoundwound
wringwrungwrung
writewrotewritten
All irregular verbs in English in the past, present and past participle form.

Sources

  1. English Grammar and Composition, P.C. Wren and Martin.

Recent Posts

What are literary devices?

10 Common Literary Devices to Know

From ancient epics to modern novels, literary devices play a crucial role in captivating readers’ imaginations and conveying themes, emotions and ideas. In this comprehensive

Labeled or labelled?

Is the Correct Spelling Labeled or Labelled?

Labeled and labelled are different spellings of the same word and action meaning, “to fix a label on something or write information on something”. Labelled