Dessert with two s’s is the sweet stuff we eat after dinner. Desert with a single s refers to the sandy, arid regions, as in the Sahara desert.
Honestly, just read the article. It’s one of the better one’s.
All ready (two words) means “totally prepared” or … ready. Already (one word) is an adverb that highlights something as having happened before now or by now.
An aisle is a passage between rows of seats or shelves (think grocery store). Isle refers to an island, typically a small one.
Awhile (one word) is an adverb that means “for a period of time”. A while is a noun phrase that means an unspecified period of time.
Apart is an adverb that indicates separation. A part uses the article “a” with the noun “part”, and means a piece of something larger.
Capital is the correct word for capital city. Capitol refers to a building or buildings occupied by the state legislature; e.g., the Capitol building in Washington D.C.
Rational is an adjective that describes someone or something as sensible or reasonable. Rationale is a noun that refers to a set of reasons or logic behind something.
‘Cite’ typically means to “quote a passage”. A ‘site’ is a physical place or location, and ‘sight’ refers to the ability to see.
Illicit is an adjective that describes something as unlawful, prohibited or morally frowned upon. Elicit is a verb that means to bring forth or draw information or a response.